What is in this article?
A dependant is someone who relies on you for support, is in your custody and control (lives with you), lives in Canada, and is usually under the age of 18, or is mentally or physically infirm. A dependant can also include someone older than 18 with an impairment in physical or mental functions, who does not live with you, and has become completely dependent on you for support.
A dependant is related to you by blood, marriage, common-law partnership, or adoption. A dependant relative can be your, your spouse's, or common-law partner's:
- Brother or sister
- Niece or nephew
- Aunt or uncle
Based on age and eligibility, you might be able to claim the following dependant deductions and credits:
- Child care expenses
- Children's fitness amount
- Children's arts amount
- Tuition, education, and textbook amounts from your child
- Amount for an eligible dependant
- Amount for infirm dependants age 18 or older
- Caregiver amount
- Disability amount transferred from a dependant
- Family caregiver amount (FCA)
- Adoption expenses
- Medical expenses
- Public transit expenses
- Respite of caregivers (Québec residents)
- Disability supports deduction (Québec residents)
Claiming a person as a dependant doesn't mean that he/she doesn't file his/her own separate return.
Important: Before you begin, you must make sure that you have told us about your dependants. To do this:
- Click the HOME tab.
- Click the ABOUT YOUR DEPENDANTS icon. Enter all the required information about your dependants.
Note: If you want to enter more than one dependant, click the +Add Another Dependant button on your screen.
Once you have told us about your dependants, follow these steps to claim your dependant expenses:
1. Click the name of your dependant on the left-hand navigation panel. You will find yourself here:
2. Select the dependant expenses or credits you want to claim.
3. Scroll to the bottom of the page and click Continue.
When you arrive at the page for the expense or credit you are claiming, enter your information into the tax software.
- Amount for an eligible dependant (CRA website)
- Schedule 5 - Amounts for Spouse or Common-Law Partner and Dependants - Common to all (CRA website)
- Child care expenses (CRA website)
- Amount for children born in 1997 or later (CRA website)
- Children's fitness amount (CRA website)
- Children's arts amount (CRA website)
- RC4064: Disability-Related Information (CRA website)
- Dependants (Revenu Québec website)
- 5000-S5 T1 General 2014 - Schedule 5 - Amounts for Spouse or Common-Law Partner and Dependants - Common to all (CRA website)